Jul. 2, 2019

G20 in Osaka Japan and Global Environmental issues and challenges .

Global Environmental Issues and Challenges
34. Noting the important work of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and Intergovernmental
Science-policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Sources (IPBES), and in the light of recent extreme
weather events and disasters, we recognize the urgent need for addressing complex and pressing global
issues and challenges, including climate change, resource efficiency, air, land, fresh water and marine
pollution, including marine plastic litter, biodiversity loss, sustainable consumption and production, urban
environmental quality and other environmental issues, and for promoting and leading energy transitions,
with the best available science, while promoting sustainable growth. A paradigm shift is needed where the
virtuous cycle of environment and growth is accelerated through innovations, and with business
communities playing an important role, in synergy with the public sector. To this end we stress the
importance of accelerating the virtuous cycle and leading transformations to a resilient, inclusive, and
sustainable future. We emphasize the importance of taking concrete and practical actions and collecting
international best practices and wisdom from around the world, mobilizing public and private finance,
technology and investment and improving business environments.
Climate Change
35. To this end, we strive to foster inclusive finance for sustainable development, including public and private
financing mobilization and alignment between them, as well as innovation in a wide range of areas for low
emissions and resilient development. Climate actions at all levels with broad participation, including by nonstate actors, will be the key to realizing such a paradigm shift. In further enhancing this effort, as appropriate
to each country’s circumstances, we will look into a wide range of clean technologies and approaches,
including smart cities, ecosystem and community based approaches, nature based solutions and traditional
and indigenous knowledge. We need to enhance efforts to support actions and cooperation in adaptation
and disaster risk reduction, in particular, for the most vulnerable communities, and to elaborate further and
foster coherence between mitigation action, adaptation measures, environmental protection, and resilient
infrastructure. We note the successful adoption of the implementation guidelines for the Paris Agreement
and the completion of the stocktaking of the Talanoa Dialogue at the United Nations Framework Convention
on Climate Change Conference of Parties (UNFCCC COP) 24 and the outcomes of the meeting of G20 energy
and environment ministers in Karuizawa, subsequent to the successful G20 Buenos Aires Summit. We are
determined to make best use of this momentum, and thus look forward to a successful Climate Action
Summit of the UN Secretary-General and concrete outcomes at UNFCCC COP 25 in Santiago, Chile. Signatories
to the Paris Agreement who confirmed at Buenos Aires its irreversibility and are determined to implement
it, reaffirm their commitment to its full implementation, reflecting common but differentiated
responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances. By 2020 we aim
to communicate, update or maintain our NDCs, taking into account that further global efforts are needed.
We emphasize the importance of providing financial resources to assist developing countries with respect to
both mitigation and adaptation in accordance with the Paris Agreement.
36. The United States reiterates its decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement because it disadvantages
American workers and taxpayers. The U.S. reaffirms its strong commitment to promoting economic growth,
energy security and access, and environmental protection. The U.S.’s balanced approach to energy and
environment allows for the delivery of affordable, reliable, and secure energy to all its citizens while utilizing
all energy sources and technologies, including clean and advanced fossil fuels and technologies, renewables,
and civil nuclear power, while also reducing emissions and promoting economic growth. The United States is
a world leader in reducing emissions. U.S. energy-related CO2 emissions fell by 14% between 2005 and 2017
even as its economy grew by 19.4% largely due to the development and deployment of innovative energy
technologies. The United States remains committed to the development and deployment of advanced
technologies to continue to reduce emissions and provide for a cleaner environment